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Kung-fu is also known as wushu, which literally translates into martial art. Even though violence does not belong to the sport and in no particular way makes the practitioner develop, fighting cannot be taken out of a martial art without harming the result severely.

Opposite of the quite precise taolu which is usually practiced alone, kung-fu also has sanda, which means free fighting. Meeting an opponent in a fighting may seem frightening to many. Still, the idea is not to harm eachother, but putting the learned techniques into the practice for which they were originally intended.

In a typical sanda fight both contestants wear full protection: chest armour, helmet, lower armour, elbow and leg covers and gloves. A judge gives points according to clean hits and for guard-penetrating techniques. Extra points are awarded for good deflection and disciplined technique. In a competition fight, the points are counted at the end and the one with the most points is declared the winner. Regardless of who wins the medal, both opponents learn something valuable about fighting.

Fighting is learned through separate self defence techniques. Protection is then worn only if needed in order to safely train the given techniques. Self defence is a significant part of kung-fu and is usually taught on a new student’s very first lesson.

The self defence techniques in kung.fu are also fight techniques, that have been adapted to the training session in question, whether it be a plain hit, an attack with a knife, bat or pistol or several people attacking at once. Thanks to the versatility of the fight techniques, the amount of power used can be adjusted so that there is no need to harm the attacker.

Even though kung-fu has an abundance of effective tools for fighting, the student must remember that playing the hero is not the purpose, but leaving the scene as quickly as possible. The perfect victory is achieved when nobody is harmed.